Scanning Electron Microscopy of Plastics Failure

Copyright: 2010
ISBN: 9781569905029
Specs: 262 pages
$199.99 (US)

Contents:

1. Structure, Properties and Processing of Polymeric Materials
Structure. Material States and Transition Regions. Homogeneous Polymeric Materials. Heterogeneous Polymeric Materials. Deformation Behavior. Processing. Orientation and Internal Stresses. Processing Induced Surface Texture. Primary Textures of Polymer Surfaces Caused by the Manufacturing Process. Textures of Post-Treated Surfaces. Material Defects.

2. Surface Damage
Mechanical Surface Damage. Frictional Wear. Uniform Frictional Wear of Flat Surfaces. Local Frictional Wear (Pitting). Rolling Wear. Localised, Mechanical Surface Damage. Wear Caused by Exposure to Solid Particle Streams. Impingement of Droplets. Erosion. Cavitation. Physico-Chemical Surface Damage. Surface Damage Caused by Chemicals. UV Irradiation. Weathering. Temperature Impact. Biological Impact.
 
3. Fractures
Mechanical Fractures. Load Fractures. Crazes. Ductile Overload Fractures. Brittle Fractures. Dynamic Fatigue Fractures. Vibration-Induced Creep Fractures. True Vibration Fractures. Effect of Chemicals on Load Fractures. Environmental Stress Cracking.

 

Description:

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is often used in plastics failure analysis when light microscopy cannot provide images of high enough resolution. SEM images also provide higher contrast, in particular of surface textures. SEM is also advantageous with very dark surfaces and transparent materials.

This book is an unrivaled comprehensive collection of SEM images covering topics such as surface properties, adhesion, joining, fracture, and other types of failure of plastic parts, which are of decisive importance for the economic success of plastics manufacturing operations.

Author Info:

Ehrenstein, G.

Dr. Gottfried Ehrenstein obtained a PhD in Mechanical Engineering at the Technical University in Hannover, Germany. He was employed for 10 years within the Technical Plastics Application Department at BASF AG. From 1977 to 1989, he was the director for plastics material technology at the University of Kassel. Since 1989, he has been the director of the Institute of Polymer Technology at the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg. He has more than 250 international publications and 15 books specializing in polymer technology processing and design.

Engel, L.
Klingele, H.
Schaper, H.